Tuesday, May 31, 2016

Travel Interrupted

North and up we went this morning headed to the Black Hills of South Dakota.

We interrupted our journey for a visit to the Museum of the Fur Trade in Chadron, NE.  Duane had visited here once in the 1980's and was amazed to find that the whole thing had been expanded and updated and made into a first-rate museum.

We are always impressed with details, like hand-forged door pulls that fit the time period.

When people hear "fur trade" they immediately think beaver fur. The actual fur trade continued after beaver fur went out of fashion.

Hats were the favorite item made from beaver. 

Furs of all kinds were traded for all kinds of personal items such as eye wear,


Indian made porcupine quill moccasins.  The ones on either side are beaded.

European fabric,

blankets.  The Hudson Bay Co tried to establish a standard by marking blankets by size.  The four lines in the green blanket was a large blanket thought to be worth 4 beaver pelts, the red one, a lap throw, only two pelts.  Nobody paid much attention to it and continued to trade their own way.

Mountain men traded such things as metal items and tobacco for exquisite Indian embroidered, quill worked, or beaded items.

guns and ammo were hot ticket items to be traded for furs.

After the bottom fell out of the beaver market, trade continued.

A diorama demonstrating the above three pix.  Notice the guy leaning over the side dipping his cup for a drink.

The fur trade continues in modern times.  The director and costume designers of the movie The Revenant consulted with The Museum of the Fur Trade for time period accuracy.

Farm raised fur-bearing animals and modern techniques can make use of what was formerly considered waste fur.  I'd wear that 'coat of many colors', which is set against a backdrop of a skunk skin blanket. 

After touring this wonderful museum we were ready to pass through these awesome wood doors to visit 

As trade progressed, trade goods in this warehouse swapped places with bales of buffalo hides or robes.

Trade room and living quarters

One robe could buy 50 bullets and 1 lb of powder, a knife or 5 yds of cotton print fabric.  
The door leads to the living quarters.

Robe press.  In an average winter, the trading post took in a thousand well-tanned buffalo robes which were sold in the east for bed covers, lap robes for traveling, and overcoats.  To facilitate storage, shipping and accounting, the robes were baled into bundles of ten.  Each robe was folded into a 2'x3' size, hair side in.  Several men pressed the bar down while another pulled ropes tight around the bale and tied them.

We thoroughly enjoyed our side trip to this museum.  Duane and I met at a modern recreation of a rendezvous.  The sight of buckskins and moccasins, trade cloth and bead work brought back many fond memories.  We thought the museum was well worth 2 hours out of our travel day.  We recommend it as a travel stop for anyone in the area.

Tomorrow you can see where we stopped.

Louise and Duane 

Monday, May 30, 2016

Legacy of the Plains Museum

On our last day in Nebraska we decided to visit this museum.

 Located on the Oregon Trail at the foot of Scott's Bluffs, the museum features an impressive collection of pioneer and early community artifacts, antique tractors and farm implements, an 80-acre working farm, historic farmstead structures (ca. 1950)  and striking views of ScottsBluff National Monument.  

Inside the main building 

The long ell on the right of the building is a huge open space.  The space is in process of being redone.  Meantime the main feature showcases the major crops grown in the area over the years:  corn, alfalfa hay, potatoes, sugar beets, and now soup beans.  This area of Nebraska is the world's largest producer of Great Northern Beans.

Their most unique exhibit is this chicken plucker.  Couldn't guess that.

Duane liked this plastic saddle, made during wartime when other materials were scarce.  Roy and Dale Evans each owned one.  The factory was doing well and had expanded production when a tornado whirled it away.

My pick is this exquisite crazy quilt.  The embroidery is wonderful.

 Can you find these details in the above quilt?

Blacksmith shop

Duane was very impressed with this belt-driven shop.

Nice collection of antique tractors and cars. 

Duane's favorite,

and mine.

We toured this house with a small group.  Every one of us was pointing and saying "We had one of those!"

The custom at the time was to build the basement first, then as time and money permitted, the upper floors.
Basement kitchen, dining room and living room,



Upstairs living room (sans plastic coverings--you know what I'm talkin' about),

dining room,


modern kitchen (yes we had a Philco, stainless teakettle and grease pot),

and stainless canisters, though our Formica table was red.

Around the corner and down the street (on the other side of the Bluff) we found this marker for the pony express station,

and one giving the location of Fort Mitchell, not far from this point.

A Memorial Day moment to remember our veterans

Tomorrow--South Dakota.  Travel with us.

Louise and Duane